Social Humanism: A New Metaphysics (Routledge Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory)

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As a moral philosophy, it provides the foundation required for most human rights legislation. To this end, Ellis elaborates on the theory of social humani… Read more In this book, Ellis argues that moral and political objectives are not independent of one other, and so must be pursued in tandem.

To this end, Ellis elaborates on the theory of social humanism and the need to reconsider the metaphysical foundations of morals. He develops the theory of social idealism as a meta-theory for both morals and social policy, exploring the global consequences of this new approach. Scientific Essentialism Cambridge University Press. Scientific Essentialism defends the view that the fundamental laws of nature depend on the essential properties of the things on which they are said to operate, and are therefore not independent of them. These laws are not imposed upon the world by God, the forces of nature or anything else, but rather are immanent in the world.

Ellis argues that ours is a dynamic world consisting of more or less transient objects which are constantly interacting with each other, and whose identities depend on t… Read more Scientific Essentialism defends the view that the fundamental laws of nature depend on the essential properties of the things on which they are said to operate, and are therefore not independent of them.

Ellis argues that ours is a dynamic world consisting of more or less transient objects which are constantly interacting with each other, and whose identities depend on their roles in these processes. Natural objects must behave as they do, because to do otherwise would be contrary to their natures.

John Dewey (1859—1952)

The laws of nature are, therefore, metaphysically necessary, and consequently, there are necessary connections between events. Brian Ellis calls for the rejection of the theory of Humean Supervenience and an implementation of a new kind of realism in philosophical analysis. Dispositions and Laws Scientific Essentialism. Powers and dispositions In Ruth Groff ed. Dispositions and Powers. Dispositional and Categorical Properties. For scientific essentialists, the only logical possibilities of existence are the real or metaphysical ones, and such possibilities, they say, are relative to worlds.

They are not a priori, and they cannot just be invented. Rather, they are discoverable only by the a posteriori methods of science.

Kai Nielsen

Adherents of the view Summerson assign themselves the central task of identifying such rules. Although the theory that the laws of nature are immanent in things, rather than imposed on them from without, is an ancient one, much recent work has been done to revive interest in essentialism and "The Philosophy of Nature" is a distinctive contribution to this lively current debate. If he had meditated more deeply on the meaning of the careers of such humanists as Abrogio Traversari — , the General of the Camaldolese Order, perhaps he would not have gone on to describe humanism in unqualified terms like "pagan", and thus helped precipitate a century of infertile debate about the possible existence of something called "Christian humanism" which ought to be opposed to "pagan humanism". Hulme , and T. It is remarkable that Old Norse legend occasionally mentions certain men who, turning away in utter disgust and doubt from the heathen faith, placed their reliance on their own strength and virtue. This book presents a major statement on the dominant philosophy of science by one of the world's leading metaphysicians.

There are, however, many philosophers who think that real possibilities are knowable a priori, or that they can just be invented. Marc Lange [Lange ] thinks that they can be invented, and tries t… Read more For scientific essentialists, the only logical possibilities of existence are the real or metaphysical ones, and such possibilities, they say, are relative to worlds. Marc Lange [Lange ] thinks that they can be invented, and tries to use his inventions to argue that the essentialist theory of counterfactual conditionals developed in Scientific Essentialism [Ellis , hereafter SE] is flawed.

Scientific Essentialism Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws. While the phrase "metaphysics of science" has been used from time to time, it has only recently begun to denote a specific research area where metaphysics meets philosophy of science—and the sciences themselves. The essays in this volume demonstrate that metaphysics of science is an innovative field of research in its own right.

The principle areas covered are: The modal metaphysics of properties: What is the essential nature of natural properties? Are all properties essentially categorical? Are… Read more While the phrase "metaphysics of science" has been used from time to time, it has only recently begun to denote a specific research area where metaphysics meets philosophy of science—and the sciences themselves. Are they all essentially dispositions, or are some categorical and others dispositional? Realism in mathematics and its relation to science: What does a naturalistic commitment of scientific realism tell us about our commitments to mathematical entities?

Can this question be framed in something other than a Quinean philosophy? Dispositions and their relation to causation: Can we generate an account of causation that takes dispositionality as fundamental? And if we take dispositions as fundamental, what is the ontological ground of dispositions? Controversial issues in social welfare policy : government and the pursuit of happiness Carl P. The state or the market : politics and welfare in contemporary Britain edited by Martin Loney..

Social welfare with indigenous peoples edited by John Dixon and Robert P. Poverty, deprivation and social work edited by Ralph Davidson and Angus Erskine.

The Future of the welfare state : remaking social policy edited by Howard Glennerster. Social change, social welfare and social science Peter Taylor-Gooby. Comparing welfare states : Britain in international context edited by Allan Cochrane and John Clarke.

Metaphysics

Theory, practice and trends in Human Services : an introduction Ed Neukrug. Caring for people in the community : the new welfare edited by Mike Titterton. Human behavior and the social environment : social systems theory Orren Dale The political economy of welfare reform in the United States Mary Reintsma.

Generating equality in the welfare state : the Swedish experience edited by Inga Persson. Welfare Norman Barry. The age of German idealism edited by Robert C. Solomon and Kathleen M.

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